- “Islamic Caliphate or nation state? Investigating the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant's imagined community” by Ben Caló, David Malet, Luke Howie, Pete Lentini. Nations and Nationalism, First published:12 June 2020
- “How Terrorism Spreads: Emulation and the Diffusion of Ethnic and Ethnoreligious Terrorism” by Sara M. T. Polo. Journal of Conflict Resolution, First Published June 10, 2020
- “Musical Criminology: A Comparative Analysis of Jihadist Nasheeds and Narco Corridos” by By Dr. Hayat Alvi. The Air Force Journal of European, Middle Eastern, & African Affairs, Published June 09, 2020
- “Brokers of Legitimacy: Women in Community-Based Armed Groups” by Hilary Matfes. RESOLVE Network, 2020, Published 09 June 2020
- “Exploring the hidden social networks of ‘lone actor’ terrorists” by David Bright, Chad Whelan, Shandon Harris-Hogan. Crime, Law and Social Change, Published: 06 June 2020
- “Research Note: Spreading Hate on TikTok” by Gabriel Weimann,Natalie Masri. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 19 Jun 2020
- “Staying Engaged in Terrorism: Narrative Accounts of Sustaining Participation in Violent Extremism” by Neil Ferguson, James W. McAule. Frontiers in Psychology, published 17 June 2020
- “Strategic Targeting: The Islamic State and Use of Violence in Iraq and Syria” by Michael Burch, Elise Pizzi . Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 09 Jun 2020
Previous research on the causes of domestic terrorism has tended to focus on domestic determinants. Although this approach can be helpful to understand many causes of terrorism, it implicitly disregards how the tactical choices made by similar nonstate actors elsewhere influence a group’s decision to resort to terrorist tactics. This study argues that the adoption of terrorism among ethnic and ethnoreligious groups results from a process of conditional emulation. Groups are more likely to emulate the terrorist choice of others with whom they are connected by shared political grievances and spatial networks. The theory is tested on a new and original group-level data set of ethnic and ethnoreligious terrorism (1970 to 2009) using geospatial analysis and spatial econometric models. The results provide strong support for the hypothesized mechanism leading to the diffusion of terrorism and suggest that emulation—more than domestic and contextual factors—substantially influences dissidents’ tactic choice.
Jihadists have their nasheeds, and the Islamic State (IS) became popular for its nasheed compositions used in propaganda videos. Nasheed is an a cappella song praising the Prophet Muhammad and reciting Quranic verses glorifying jihad. Similarly, drug cartels have bands that compose and sing narco corridos, or “drug ballads,” based on Mexican folk music, which glorify cartel leaders as modern-day “Robin Hood” figures and announce executions of enemies. Both nasheeds and narco corridos have much in common: glorifying historical victories over enemies in wars and revolutions; using lyrics to warn their enemies about their invincibility and strength and bravery; calling out specific enemies as targets; and using their respective ideologies to justify their acts, behaviors, and beliefs.
This study examines and comparatively analyzes the two musical genres in the context of terrorism and narco-terrorism, and how these musical traditions affect their respective followers, admirers, and devotees. The analysis also highlights how these musical genres popularize crime and violence, and desensitize audiences to the extreme brutality praised and glorified in their songs.
Women’s contributions to CBAGs are often underestimated in part due to their influence in informal or customary venues or through personal relationships; in many contexts, women express opinions through songs or customary rituals. This report also underlines that women are not a homogenous group and not all women are equally placed to participate in CBAG activities. This underlines the need to ask not only “where are the women?” but also “which women are where?” when discussing gender and conflict to understand how different types of women contribute differently to community-based armed groups.
- Illicit networks
- Lone actor
- Social network analysis
- Social networks
What explains the specific location of Islamic State attacks in Syria and Iraq? We consider how both ethnic and economic factors shape the group’s decision-making about where to attack. We explore these competing motivations using spatial analysis of the Islamic State’s individual acts of violence from 2013–2017. We find that both areas with ethnic heterogeneity and valuable economic rents are associated with more individual Islamic State violent events. By examing the micro-foundations of the Islamic State’s conflict decisions, we provide further nuance to understanding the strategic logic of rebel groups during wartime.